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Table 2 Hemodynamic parameters of all studied participants

From: Arterial stiffness can occur early in mild-to-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Variables COPD (GOLD1 or 2) (n = 80) Healthy controls (n = 80) P value
Heart rate (beats per min) 69 ± 8.9 67 ± 7.1 0.12
Peripheral systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 134 ± 24 119 ± 17 < 0.001**
Peripheral diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 84 ± 7.9 72 ± 6.7 < 0.001**
Central systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 126 ± 14 108 ± 7 < 0.001**
Central diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 85 ± 2.1 74 ± 1.2 < 0.001**
cf-PWV (m/s) 13.8 ± 2.6 10.7 ± 1.1 < 0.001**
AIx75 23.9 ± 10.8 18.1 ± 8.9 < 0.001**
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SD unless otherwise specified. COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, GOLD1 or 2 mild or moderate COPD, cf-PWV carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, AIx75 augmentation index normalized to a standard heart rate of 75 beats per min
  2. **Highly significant