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  1. Retinal and choroidal blood vessels are involved in many systemic diseases because they are complex vascular systems. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is considered as an inflammatory disease that affects...

    Authors: Noha Othman Ahmed, Yasmine Maher Shaaban and Hieba Gamal Ezzelregal
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:45
  2. Depression is classified as a mood disorder. It may be described as feelings of sadness, loss, or anger that interfere with a person’s everyday activities. Nowadays, we are in COVID-19 pandemic. From practice ...

    Authors: Hieba Gamal Ezzelregal, Azza Mohammed Hassan, Rehab Serag Mohamed and Noha Othman Ahmed
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:44
  3. Medical thoracoscopy (MT) under conscious sedation can be a painful procedure. A pilot study reported reduction in procedural pain with lidocaine application via chest tube before procedure. This study aimed a...

    Authors: Ahmed Mohamed Abdelhady, Mohamed Gadallah, Moustafa Shaheen, Sahar Mourad and Maged Hassan
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:43
  4. The current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has emerged in Wuhan, China, and has rapidly become a global challenge, creating ...

    Authors: Sema Ketenci and A. Şükrü Aynacıoğlu
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:42
  5. The 21st century already witnessed many deadly epidemics and pandemics. The major ones were respiratory tract infections like SARS (2003), H1N1 (2009), MERS (2012) and the most recent pandemic COVID-19 (2019)....

    Authors: Vijaytha Vijayakumar, A. Sabu and M. Haridas
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:41
  6. A striking feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is its inability to resolve after cigarette smoke exposure has ended, which has contributed to the possibility that the disease could also be ...

    Authors: Zainab H. Saeed, Mohamed A. E. Abd El Hakim and Nezar R. Mohamed
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:40
  7. Asthmatic smokers are a distinct phenotype of asthma. There is a lack of specific information about the treatment of asthma in smokers. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of inhaled corticost...

    Authors: Sahar Farghly Youssif, Atef Farouk El-Karn, Mahmoud Farouk Sherif, Mohamed I. Seddik, Safaa Abdelgayed and Mohammed F. Abdelghany
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:38
  8. Tuberculosis is a communicable disease that is one of the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent (ranking above human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). The aim of this ...

    Authors: Mohamed El-Shabrawy, Dalia A. Ibrahim, Mohammad Walaa, Mona S. Hamed, Ahmed A. Abdelmoaty, Maher El-Shafei and Maha E. Alsadik
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:37
  9. House dust mites (HDM) are considered as a major source of indoor aeroallergen all over the world that precipitate allergic reactions including rhinoconjunctivitis, food allergy, atopic dermatitis, and allergi...

    Authors: Nahla Mohamed Okasha, Amr Ali Sarhan and Engy Osman Ahmed
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:36
  10. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global pandemic and is posing a serious public health problem for almost all countries. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum, a rare condition, is usually seen in pati...

    Authors: Archana Baburao, Rinki Das and Shylaja Shyamsunder
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:35
  11. Routine administration of antibacterials in patients with Covid-19 has been a subject of debate, with no solid data about the true prevalence of respiratory coinfections in Covid-19 patients in different geogr...

    Authors: Hebatallah Hany Assal, Maged Salah, Ayman Kamal Ibrahim, Mostafa Alfishawy, Rawia Khater, Hossam Hosny Masoud, Ahmed Monier Eldemerdash and Mohamed Ali AbdelHalim
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:34
  12. COVID-19 patients normally experience mild cold-like symptoms that progress from the early viral response phase through the lung phase to the hyper-inflammation phase. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS...

    Authors: Muhamed A. Abdelzaher, Ashraf E. S. Ibrahim and Essamedin M. Negm
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:33
  13. The nature of opaque lesions such as effusions, atelectasis, masses, and consolidations can be clarified by sonography. This study investigated the sensitivity and accuracy of ultrasound-guided percutaneous co...

    Authors: Maha Fathy Mohamed, Nabila Ibraheem Laz, Khaled Mahmoud Kamel and Raghda Yaser Mahmoud
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:31
  14. Patient-ventilator asynchrony is a common problem in mechanically ventilated patients. It is associated with adverse effects including increased work of breathing, patient discomfort, increased need for sedati...

    Authors: Samiaa H. Sadek, Maha M. El-kholy, Marwa S. Abdulmoez and Reham M. El-Morshedy
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:30
  15. Being highly infectious disease, COVID-19 exhausts most of efficient healthcare systems worldwide. Simple and rapid risk stratification methods are mandatory to recognize severe patients. This study aims to hi...

    Authors: Maiada K. Hashem, Eman M. Khedr, Enas Daef, Aliae Mohamed-Hussein, Ehab F. Mostafa, Sahar M. Hassany, Hanan Galal, Shimaa Abbas Hassan, Islam Galal, Mariam Taher Amin and Hebatallah M. Hassan
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:29
  16. Caudal tracheal stent migration can be potentially life threatening by causing distal luminal obstruction. We present a rare double hitch stitch procedure (for prevention of migration of tracheal stent), which...

    Authors: Sameer A. Arbat, Parimal S. Deshpande and Sweta R. Chourasia
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:28
  17. Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a progressive and lethal lung disease of elderly whose incidence has been increasing following the Covid-19 pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-...

    Authors: Apoorva Pandey, Ritu Kulshrestha and Surendra Kumar Bansal
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:27
  18. Reversibility measured by spirometry in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is defined as an increase in forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1) that is both more than 12% and 200 mL above the...

    Authors: Gamal Agmy, Manal A. Mahmoud, Azza Bahaa El-Din Ali and Mohamed Adam
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:26
  19. As one of the restrictive lung diseases, scoliosis can be treated by surgical intervention to enhance the pulmonary function of that group of patients. The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of ...

    Authors: Mona Mansour Ahmed, Hesham Atef Abdelhalim and Reham Mohammed Mohammed Elamir
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:25
  20. Tuberculosis in Egypt is a main public health problem. Egypt is categorized among the mid-level incidence countries. The objective of this work is to study the epidemiology of TB in Giza Governorate during the pe...

    Authors: Amany Rabea Abd El Malik, Amany Ezz Elarab Abd El Wahab and Heba H. Eltrawy
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:24
  21. Amyloidosis is the extracellular deposition of amyloid fibril protein in any tissue or organ. The clinical manifestations of pulmonary amyloidosis are variable and without specific symptoms. We report a rare c...

    Authors: Hamdy Ali Mohammadien, Shimaa Nour Morsi and Moaz Atef Al Shahat
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:23
  22. Rigid thoracoscopy is the gold standard tool for diagnosing exudative pleural effusion, but sometimes it is difficult to obtain sufficient biopsies using the conventional forceps. This study evaluated the effi...

    Authors: Ayman Ibrahim Baess, Essam Gouda Hassanein, Mohamed Al Saeed Emara and Heba Ahmed Eshmawey
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:21
  23. Tuberculosis remains a worldwide problem fueled by the HIV epidemic. TB infection impacts HIV progression and mortality even with treatment. Egypt has increasing HIV prevalence, although still in low prevalent...

    Authors: Nagwa Elhalawany, Nessrin Shalaby, Amal Fathy, Ahmed S. Elmorsy, Mohamed Zaghloul, Heba El-shahawy and Asem A. Hewidy
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:20
  24. Malignant endobronchial obstruction (MEBO) is the most debilitating complication in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The therapeutic role of cryotherapy and its impact on survival has not been well addresse...

    Authors: Alaa Rashad, Mohamed Shahat Badawy, Mohammed Mustafa Ali, Haggagy Mansour and Mohamed Abdel-Bary
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:19
  25. High flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNCO) is a relatively new technique used to deliver oxygen in respiratory failure patients. This retrospective study is aiming to assess the role and benefits of using HFNCO co...

    Authors: Amr Mounir Shoukri
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:17
  26. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common nosocomial infection. Red cell distribution width (RDW) and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are prognostic factors to mortality in different diseases....

    Authors: Nermeen A. Abdelaleem, Hoda A. Makhlouf, Eman M. Nagiub and Hassan A. Bayoumi
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:16
  27. Intensive care unit (ICU) infection management is a growing challenge, and physicians should have regularly updated antibiograms. The aim of this study was to find out the prevalence of pathogens and to determ...

    Authors: Essamedin M. Negm, Sherif M. S. Mowafy, Ahmad A. Mohammed, Marwa G. Amer, Ahmed E. Tawfik, Ashraf E. S. Ibrahim and Tarek H. Hassan
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:15
  28. The role of CT in assessing and plotting viral pulmonary affection land marking is its potential among other investigation tools, and the aim of the study was to compare the ability of two different CT-based s...

    Authors: Niveen E. Zayed, Manar A. Bessar and Samah Lutfy
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:13
  29. Lockdown has been enforced globally to curb the spread of SARS-CoV-2. Patients with uncontrolled asthma are at risk of severe illness from COVID-19, highlighting the priority of adequate asthma control during ...

    Authors: Dina S. Sheha, Asmaa S. Abdel-Rehim, Osama M. Abdel-Latif, Maryam A. Abdelkader, Riham H. Raafat, Sarah A. Sallam and Nayera S. Mostafa
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:12
  30. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Abdullah Al Noman, Md. Shofiqul Islam, Samiron Sana, Prapti Mondal, Rima Islam Meem, Sohel Rana, Debashish Mondol, Manoshi Sana, Sheikh I. Hossain, Taufique Joarder and Kishor Mazumder
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:11

    The original article was published in The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:8

  31. Being a newly emerging disease, little is known about its long-lasting post-COVID-19 consequences. The aim of this work is to assess the frequency, patterns, and determinants of persistent post-COVID-19 sympto...

    Authors: Islam Galal, Aliae A. R. Mohamed Hussein, Mariam T. Amin, Mahmoud M. Saad, Hossam Eldeen E. Zayan, Mustafa Z. Abdelsayed, Mohamed M. Moustafa, Abdel Rahman Ezzat, Radwa E. D. Helmy, Howida K. Abd_Elaal, Nasrallah A. Al Massry, Mohamed A. Soliman, Asmaa M. Ismail, Karima M. S. Kholief, Enas Fathy and Maiada K. Hashem
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:10
  32. The ongoing acute respiratory disease pandemic termed COVID-19 caused by a newly emerged coronavirus has jeopardized the world’s health and economic sectors. As of 20 July 2020, the virus now known as SARS-CoV...

    Authors: Abdullah Al Noman, Md. Shofiqul Islam, Samiron Sana, Prapti Mondal, Rima Islam Meem, Sohel Rana, Debashish Mondol, Manoshi Sana, Sheikh I. Hossain, Taufique Joarder and Kishor Mazumder
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:8

    The Correction to this article has been published in The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:11

  33. Usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) is a fatal disease that is associated with poor prognosis and survival. Several growth factors such as IGFs (insulin-like growth factors) and IGFBPs (insulin-like growth fact...

    Authors: M. Habeb, S. Embarak, A. Fathy and M. Zalat
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:6
  34. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was announced in early December 2019. The pandemic situation is declared. This study aimed to evaluate the role of biomarkers in estimating the severity and predicting the p...

    Authors: Mohamed El-Shabrawy, Maha E. Alsadik, Maher El-Shafei, Ahmed A. Abdelmoaty, Ahmed S. Alazzouni, Marwa M. Esawy and Marwa A. Shabana
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:5
  35. Asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) according to GINA and GOLD is not a single disease and is described by persistent airflow limitation with several features usually associated with asthma and several features usually ...

    Authors: Ahmed Youssef Shabaan, Rasha Galal Daabis, Ahmed Mohamed Abdelhady and Dina Hassan Ibrahim
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:4
  36. The incidence of childhood interstitial lung diseases increased in the last years in Egypt. Changes in environmental and climatic conditions may be contributing factors. Also, raising birds at home increased i...

    Authors: Sally Raafat Ishak, Azza Mohammed Hassan and Terez Boshra Kamel
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:2
  37. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes changes in sleep quality with accompanied nocturnal drops in oxygen saturation leading to cardiac dysrhythmias, pulmonary hypertension, and more arousal. How...

    Authors: Adel H. A. Ghoneim, Mohamed S. El-Gammal, Yasmeen R. Ahmed and Doaa M. Gad
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2021 15:1
  38. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common, preventable, and treatable disease that is characterized by persistent respiratory symptoms and airflow limitation that is due to airway and/or alveola...

    Authors: Sreenu Thalla, Akhila Yerubandi, Sk. Hafeezunnisa, Sk. Jareena and Sivakshari Makkapati
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 14:46
  39. Cognitive dysfunction in idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) is an important clinical co-morbidity that is associated with impaired lung function. The aim of the work is to assess cognitive function in major ...

    Authors: Mohamed W. Zakaria, Reem I. El-Korashy, Mostafa O. Shaheen, Samah Selim and Kwashi J. Amum
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 14:45
  40. Screening of post-intubation stenosis can allow early diagnosis, early management of stenosis, and possible prevention of progress. Fiberoptic bronchoscope is the gold standard for diagnosis of tracheal stenos...

    Authors: Shereen Farghaly, Ashraf Zin El-Abdeen, Lamiaa H. Shaaban, Hossam El-Deen Galal M. El-Malah and Maida Kamal
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 14:44
  41. Oxygen therapy is essential in the management of patients with respiratory problem, including after endotracheal extubation. Conventional oxygen devices may be inadequate in patients requiring high inspiratory...

    Authors: Mona M. A. Abo-Galala, Iman H. E. Galal, Eman B. Abdel-Fattah and Basel B. M. Kamel
    Citation: The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 14:42

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