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  1. Over the past 10 decades, only five cases have been published of firearm injuries of the chest with conservative management, who in the follow-up expectorated the bullet. We report the first case in the histor...

    Authors: Nasir U. Din Wani, Tasneem Muzaffar, Syed A. Hussain, Yasir Wani, Danish Zahoor, Aaliya Wani and Farhana Bashir

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305786

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Endotracheal tube stylets are still being used in many medical centres for difficult intubations. In rare cases, it may break inside the trachea during endotracheal intubation and may sometimes move unnoticed ...

    Authors: Tajik Mohammed Shafi, Nithya Haridas, Preeti Belagundi and Asmita A. Mehta

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305774

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Across the lifespan, several biological and hormonal differences affect symptoms and consequences of sleep and circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders in women. Published data on women with restless leg syndrome...

    Authors: Amany O. Mohamed, Hoda A. Makhouf, Shazly B. Ali and Omar T. Mahfouz

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305767

    Content type: Original article

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  4. This study was carried out to validate the NoSAS score and assess its performance in predicting clinically significant sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in patients referred for a sleep study and to compare its...

    Authors: Rania A. Sweed and Mahmoud I. Mahmoud

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305760

    Content type: Original article

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  5. The era of diagnosing pulmonary arterial hypertension is rapidly evolving. There are changes in the definition, screening, diagnostic modalities, and disease staging.

    Authors: Ahmed Z. E. Abdelhafiz, Khaled A. Al Khashab, Assem F. Elessawy, Radwa A. Elhefny and Fatmaalzahraa S. Abdalrazik

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305743

    Content type: Original article

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  6. Inflammatory and oxidative stress caused by infection has recently been proposed as a mechanism of association between the red cell distribution width (RDW) and infectious diseases, such as community-acquired ...

    Authors: Yousef A. Yousef and Mahmoud A. Manal

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305738

    Content type: Original article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 14:36

  7. Zinc is an important micronutrient in humans. Globally, pneumonia represents 18% of mortality in children under 5 years of age and the main infectious purpose of early life mortality. There is a higher pneumon...

    Authors: Amira M. M. Hamed, Yasser T. Kassem, Hamada K. Fayed and Ahmed M. Solaiman

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305730

    Content type: Original article

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  8. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major problem in developing countries. TB in Egypt is considered an important public health problem. Egypt is ranked among the mid-level incidence countries.

    Authors: Medhat F. Negm, Amira H. Allam, Tbahany M. Goda and Mona Elawady

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305722

    Content type: Original article

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  9. Spastic cerebral palsy (CP) patients have lower pulmonary functions than normal healthy individuals as they usually have decreased chest wall mobility, deviation of optimal chest wall structure, and weak respi...

    Authors: Magda Y. Elseify, Dina A. Ramadan and Sally R. Ishak

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305716

    Content type: Original article

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  10. Drug addiction results in serious pulmonary complications. Thoracic complications of drug addiction vary depending on the type and the route of administration of the drug that has been abused.

    Authors: Aya M. AbdelDayem, Mahmoud L. Sakr, Nehad M. Osman, Maryam A. Abd El Kader and Sherehan EL Sayed Abd El-Aaty

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305704

    Content type: Original article

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  11. Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a lethal sequela of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Surgical trauma injures the tissue directly, releasing a large number of tissue agent. The frequency of re-exploration owing t...

    Authors: Ayman A. Sallam, Mohamed M. Abo El Nasr, Ahmed S. Elgebaly and Wael M. El Feky

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305699

    Content type: Original article

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  12. Chest ultrasound has been an important tool for the diagnosis of many chest diseases, and, recently, it became an important tool for confirmation of the site of endotracheal tube placement. In our study, we us...

    Authors: Mohammad W. S. Moghawri, Niveen E. Zayed and Dalia A. Ibrahim

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305684

    Content type: Original article

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  13. Airway evaluation and its management remain an emerging clinical science. Ultrasound (US) provides point-of-care dynamic views of the airway in perioperative, emergency, and critical care settings. Identificat...

    Authors: Mona M. Ahmed, Iman H. E. Galal, Hossam M. Sakr, Ashraf A. Gomaa, Ahmed M. Osman and Marwa H. El-Assal

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305672

    Content type: Original article

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  14. The course of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is characterized by variable patterns of disease progression. Refractory HP is defined as poor or lack of response to different modalities of treatment with wors...

    Authors: Yosri M. K. Akl, Raef H. Emam, Ahmed H. El-Habashi, Mohamed S. Ismail and Hossam Abdallah

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305660

    Content type: Original article

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  15. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) scoring systems are the two models that are greatly used by the majority of ICUs to predict clin...

    Authors: Yousef Ahmed, Mohamed Adam and Lamees M. Bakkar

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305654

    Content type: Original article

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  16. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) has been recently introduced as a new technique for sampling the hilar/ mediastinal lesions [lymph node (LN) enlargement or masses] ...

    Authors: Laila A. Helalah, Ashraf M. Madkour, Nevine M. A. Elfattah, Rehab M. Mohammed, Ayman A. H. Farghaly, Ragaa A. Fawzy and Asmaa M. A. Elasser

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305644

    Content type: Original article

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  17. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) represents 85% of lung cancer cases. Genotyping is now considered as a cornerstone in proper management and better results of such cancers, especially with targeted therapy. ...

    Authors: Ahmed S. H. Mohamed, Mohamed Hantera, Ragia S. Sharshar, Amira Y. Abdelnaby and Ayman El Saka

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305636

    Content type: Original article

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  18. Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is useful in guiding needle biopsy of mediastinal lesions. Sonoelastography in latest generation machines have enabled mapping the elasticity of the lymph nodes (LNs) leading to...

    Authors: Rajesh Gupta, Sharad Joshi, Ankit Bhatia, Nitesh Tayal and Praveen Pandey

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305630

    Content type: Original article

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  19. Activated platelets and platelet indices have a vital role in bronchial hyper-responsiveness, bronchoconstriction, bronchial inflammation, airway remodeling, angiogenesis, allergic reactions, and repair and re...

    Authors: Manal R. Hafez, Hoda A. Eid, Sawsan B. Elsawy, Nehad Emad Eldin and Asmaa A. El Madbouly

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305623

    Content type: Original article

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  20. Systemic corticosteroids (SCS) are effective in the management of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). However, they are not without adverse effects, especially hyperglycemia. ...

    Authors: A. S. Magdy and Haytham S. Diab

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305610

    Content type: Original article

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  21. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Exacerbations of COPD are heterogeneous and have significant effect on the socioeconomic burden. The value ...

    Authors: Hamed A. Hafiz and Heba Moussa

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305605

    Content type: Original article

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  22. Most patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have cardiovascular comorbidities (CVD), which significantly contribute to the mortality and morbidity in these patients.

    Authors: Amit S. Gupta, Venkitakrishnan Rajesh and Ponneduthamkuzhy James

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305591

    Content type: Original article

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  23. There is not much data about the effect of deficient vitamin D on stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and its relation to the disease severity.

    Authors: Esmat A. Abd Elnaby, Samah S. Abd Elnaiem, Amira I. Mostafa, Dina Sabry and Mohamed K. Haswa

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305584

    Content type: Original article

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  24. Asthma is a diverse disease with various phenotypes. Correlation of clinical asthma phenotypes with their underlying inflammatory biomarkers could help tailor asthma management and in turn improve the patient’...

    Authors: Amal M. Osman and Afaf M. Elsaid

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305580

    Content type: Original article

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  25. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common disease that can be prevented and even treated. It leads to high morbidity and mortality rates. Pro-inflammatory cytokines and oxidative radicals were f...

    Authors: Esmat A. Abd Elnaby, Samah S. Abd Elnaiem, Amira I. Mostafa, Dina Sabry, Alshaimaa Rezk I R Alnaggar and Mohamed K. Haswa

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305575

    Content type: Original article

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  26. Mediastinal abscess is a rare yet emergent infectious complication of the thoracic cavity following balloon dilatation of the esophagus. Early diagnosis and management could avoid its poor outcome. A 20-year-o...

    Authors: Doaa M. Magdy, Shereen Farghaly and Ahmed Metwally

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304570

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Serum cystatin C is a sensitive indicator for early renal impairment in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). In patients with OSA without known chronic kidney disease (CKD), serum cystatin C was found ...

    Authors: Eman Elfeky, Ayman Abd El-Zaher, Amal Elbendary and Salwa Ganna

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304563

    Content type: Original article

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  28. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is increasingly identified as a disease with major health consequences. The limited availability of the gold standard diagnostic test, polysomnography (PSG), mandates careful clin...

    Authors: Hend M. Esmaeel, Hamdy A. Mohammadien, Abd-Elbaset M. Saleh and Fatma H. Mohamed

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304556

    Content type: Original article

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  29. Pneumonia is one of the most common diseases with a high hospitalization rate. Many studies have suggested that there is a correlation between pre-existing diabetes and the alterations in serum glucose levels ...

    Authors: Tamer M. Ali, Hala M. Salem and Dina R. Sultan

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304551

    Content type: Original article

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  30. Fungal pneumonia is an infectious process in the lung caused by one or more endemic or opportunistic fungi. Fungal infection occurs following the inhalation of spores, after the inhalation of conidia, or by th...

    Authors: Mona M. Ahmed, Ayman A. Farghaly, Riham H. Raafat and Waleed M. Abd Elsattar

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304545

    Content type: Original article

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  31. An increase in serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity is commonly taken to support the presumptive diagnosis of some lung diseases and a variety of extrapulmonary disorders, but the role of LDH as an early...

    Authors: Rasha M. Hendy, Mona A. Elawady and Heba M. Abd EL Kareem

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304539

    Content type: Original article

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  32. Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) lesion is acidic, and changing this acidic pH may affect growth of TB bacilli and response to therapy. We aimed to assess the effect of adjuvant inhalation of sodium bicarbonate (SB...

    Authors: Mohammad K. El-Badrawy, Eman O. Arram, Dina A. Abdalla, Dina Al-Sagheer, Alaa Zahran, Mohammad A. AboElEla, Adel El-Badrawy and Wagdy Amin

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304531

    Content type: Original article

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  33. Tobacco smoke has been recognized as an independent risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and diabetes mellitus type 2.

    Authors: Magdy M. Khalil, Rehab M. Mohammed and Omnia H. S. Hassan

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304516

    Content type: Original article

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  34. Post-ICU syndrome (PICS)is a common impairment that develops after critical illness and persists after discharge. It is considered when a new or worsening impairment in physical, cognitive, or mental status de...

    Authors: Ahmad Abbas, Niveen E. Zayed and Samah M. Lutfy

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304505

    Content type: Original article

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  35. The purpose of this study was to compare four different scores [Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II); elevated blood urea nitrogen, altered mental status, pulse >109/min, age >65 years (B...

    Authors: Rania A. Sweed, Mostafa Abd El Mageed Shaheen and Esraa A. El Gendy

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304498

    Content type: Original article

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  36. Determining the optimal moment to extubate a critically ill patient remains a challenge. The parameters of diaphragm sonography offer precious data in the evaluation and follow-up of critically ill patients on...

    Authors: Rasha M. Abdelhafeez, Ahmed M. Abumossalam, Eman O. Arram, Mohsen M. Elshafey and Mohammed E. Abushehata

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304489

    Content type: Original article

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  37. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) represents a significant reason for mortality and morbidity worldwide that induces a high socioeconomic burden, with exacerbations necessitating mechanical ventilat...

    Authors: Suzan Salama Sayed, Khalid Hussein Ahmed, Sayed Abdelsabour Kinawy and Islam Galal Sayed

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304484

    Content type: Original article

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  38. Lung ultrasonography is a beneficial tool for evaluation of the extent of lung aeration through measurement of the amount of extravascular lung water. Lung ultrasonography offers some advantages over other met...

    Authors: Nabila I. Laz, Mohammad F. Mohammad, Sahar M. Abdelsalam and Radwa M. Abdelwahab

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304477

    Content type: Original article

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  39. Ultrasonography (US) guidance of transthoracic needle biopsy of peripheral lung lesions is a useful diagnostic technique. It is a relatively easy and safe procedure under real-time US guidance and may give eno...

    Authors: Fayed H. Kawshty, Ahmed A. Abd Elradi and Ahmed M. Ahmed

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304469

    Content type: Original article

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  40. Exercise intolerance is common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which has multiple mechanisms underlying its progression. Ventricular dysfunction may play a role in the developmen...

    Authors: Magdy M. Khalil, Hala M. Salem, Hossam-Eldin M. Abdil-Hamid and Muhammad Y. Zakaria

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304459

    Content type: Original article

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  41. An exacerbation of asthma is an episode, characterized by a progressive increase in one or more typical asthma symptoms (shortness of breath, wheezing, cough, and chest tightness).

    Authors: Ahmed G. El Gazzar, Khaled M. Belal, Tarek S. Essawy and Neveen M. Abd-Elfattah

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304443

    Content type: Original article

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