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  1. Over the past 10 decades, only five cases have been published of firearm injuries of the chest with conservative management, who in the follow-up expectorated the bullet. We report the first case in the histor...

    Authors: Nasir U. Din Wani, Tasneem Muzaffar, Syed A. Hussain, Yasir Wani, Danish Zahoor, Aaliya Wani and Farhana Bashir
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305786
  2. Endotracheal tube stylets are still being used in many medical centres for difficult intubations. In rare cases, it may break inside the trachea during endotracheal intubation and may sometimes move unnoticed ...

    Authors: Tajik Mohammed Shafi, Nithya Haridas, Preeti Belagundi and Asmita A. Mehta
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305774
  3. Across the lifespan, several biological and hormonal differences affect symptoms and consequences of sleep and circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders in women. Published data on women with restless leg syndrome...

    Authors: Amany O. Mohamed, Hoda A. Makhouf, Shazly B. Ali and Omar T. Mahfouz
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305767
  4. This study was carried out to validate the NoSAS score and assess its performance in predicting clinically significant sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in patients referred for a sleep study and to compare its...

    Authors: Rania A. Sweed and Mahmoud I. Mahmoud
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305760
  5. The era of diagnosing pulmonary arterial hypertension is rapidly evolving. There are changes in the definition, screening, diagnostic modalities, and disease staging.

    Authors: Ahmed Z. E. Abdelhafiz, Khaled A. Al Khashab, Assem F. Elessawy, Radwa A. Elhefny and Fatmaalzahraa S. Abdalrazik
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305743
  6. Inflammatory and oxidative stress caused by infection has recently been proposed as a mechanism of association between the red cell distribution width (RDW) and infectious diseases, such as community-acquired ...

    Authors: Yousef A. Yousef and Mahmoud A. Manal
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305738

    The Correction to this article has been published in The Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 14:36

  7. Zinc is an important micronutrient in humans. Globally, pneumonia represents 18% of mortality in children under 5 years of age and the main infectious purpose of early life mortality. There is a higher pneumon...

    Authors: Amira M. M. Hamed, Yasser T. Kassem, Hamada K. Fayed and Ahmed M. Solaiman
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305730
  8. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major problem in developing countries. TB in Egypt is considered an important public health problem. Egypt is ranked among the mid-level incidence countries.

    Authors: Medhat F. Negm, Amira H. Allam, Tbahany M. Goda and Mona Elawady
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305722
  9. Drug addiction results in serious pulmonary complications. Thoracic complications of drug addiction vary depending on the type and the route of administration of the drug that has been abused.

    Authors: Aya M. AbdelDayem, Mahmoud L. Sakr, Nehad M. Osman, Maryam A. Abd El Kader and Sherehan EL Sayed Abd El-Aaty
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305704
  10. Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a lethal sequela of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Surgical trauma injures the tissue directly, releasing a large number of tissue agent. The frequency of re-exploration owing t...

    Authors: Ayman A. Sallam, Mohamed M. Abo El Nasr, Ahmed S. Elgebaly and Wael M. El Feky
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305699
  11. Chest ultrasound has been an important tool for the diagnosis of many chest diseases, and, recently, it became an important tool for confirmation of the site of endotracheal tube placement. In our study, we us...

    Authors: Mohammad W. S. Moghawri, Niveen E. Zayed and Dalia A. Ibrahim
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305684
  12. Airway evaluation and its management remain an emerging clinical science. Ultrasound (US) provides point-of-care dynamic views of the airway in perioperative, emergency, and critical care settings. Identificat...

    Authors: Mona M. Ahmed, Iman H. E. Galal, Hossam M. Sakr, Ashraf A. Gomaa, Ahmed M. Osman and Marwa H. El-Assal
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305672
  13. The course of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is characterized by variable patterns of disease progression. Refractory HP is defined as poor or lack of response to different modalities of treatment with wors...

    Authors: Yosri M. K. Akl, Raef H. Emam, Ahmed H. El-Habashi, Mohamed S. Ismail and Hossam Abdallah
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305660
  14. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) scoring systems are the two models that are greatly used by the majority of ICUs to predict clin...

    Authors: Yousef Ahmed, Mohamed Adam and Lamees M. Bakkar
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305654
  15. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) has been recently introduced as a new technique for sampling the hilar/ mediastinal lesions [lymph node (LN) enlargement or masses] ...

    Authors: Laila A. Helalah, Ashraf M. Madkour, Nevine M. A. Elfattah, Rehab M. Mohammed, Ayman A. H. Farghaly, Ragaa A. Fawzy and Asmaa M. A. Elasser
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305644
  16. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) represents 85% of lung cancer cases. Genotyping is now considered as a cornerstone in proper management and better results of such cancers, especially with targeted therapy. ...

    Authors: Ahmed S. H. Mohamed, Mohamed Hantera, Ragia S. Sharshar, Amira Y. Abdelnaby and Ayman El Saka
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305636
  17. Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is useful in guiding needle biopsy of mediastinal lesions. Sonoelastography in latest generation machines have enabled mapping the elasticity of the lymph nodes (LNs) leading to...

    Authors: Rajesh Gupta, Sharad Joshi, Ankit Bhatia, Nitesh Tayal and Praveen Pandey
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305630
  18. Activated platelets and platelet indices have a vital role in bronchial hyper-responsiveness, bronchoconstriction, bronchial inflammation, airway remodeling, angiogenesis, allergic reactions, and repair and re...

    Authors: Manal R. Hafez, Hoda A. Eid, Sawsan B. Elsawy, Nehad Emad Eldin and Asmaa A. El Madbouly
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305623
  19. Systemic corticosteroids (SCS) are effective in the management of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). However, they are not without adverse effects, especially hyperglycemia. ...

    Authors: A. S. Magdy and Haytham S. Diab
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305610
  20. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Exacerbations of COPD are heterogeneous and have significant effect on the socioeconomic burden. The value ...

    Authors: Hamed A. Hafiz and Heba Moussa
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305605
  21. Persons with asthma–chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap (ACO) are a crucial but poorly characterized group. In spite of the numbers of patients with ACO have increased, there is minimal confir...

    Authors: Hamada K. Fayed, Yasen G. Abd-Elkareem, Wassem A. Samaha and Maher S. Abdalshakour
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305596
  22. Most patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have cardiovascular comorbidities (CVD), which significantly contribute to the mortality and morbidity in these patients.

    Authors: Amit S. Gupta, Venkitakrishnan Rajesh and Ponneduthamkuzhy James
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305591
  23. There is not much data about the effect of deficient vitamin D on stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and its relation to the disease severity.

    Authors: Esmat A. Abd Elnaby, Samah S. Abd Elnaiem, Amira I. Mostafa, Dina Sabry and Mohamed K. Haswa
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305584
  24. Asthma is a diverse disease with various phenotypes. Correlation of clinical asthma phenotypes with their underlying inflammatory biomarkers could help tailor asthma management and in turn improve the patient’...

    Authors: Amal M. Osman and Afaf M. Elsaid
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305580
  25. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common disease that can be prevented and even treated. It leads to high morbidity and mortality rates. Pro-inflammatory cytokines and oxidative radicals were f...

    Authors: Esmat A. Abd Elnaby, Samah S. Abd Elnaiem, Amira I. Mostafa, Dina Sabry, Alshaimaa Rezk I R Alnaggar and Mohamed K. Haswa
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305575
  26. Mediastinal abscess is a rare yet emergent infectious complication of the thoracic cavity following balloon dilatation of the esophagus. Early diagnosis and management could avoid its poor outcome. A 20-year-o...

    Authors: Doaa M. Magdy, Shereen Farghaly and Ahmed Metwally
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304570
  27. Serum cystatin C is a sensitive indicator for early renal impairment in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). In patients with OSA without known chronic kidney disease (CKD), serum cystatin C was found ...

    Authors: Eman Elfeky, Ayman Abd El-Zaher, Amal Elbendary and Salwa Ganna
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304563
  28. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is increasingly identified as a disease with major health consequences. The limited availability of the gold standard diagnostic test, polysomnography (PSG), mandates careful clin...

    Authors: Hend M. Esmaeel, Hamdy A. Mohammadien, Abd-Elbaset M. Saleh and Fatma H. Mohamed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304556
  29. Pneumonia is one of the most common diseases with a high hospitalization rate. Many studies have suggested that there is a correlation between pre-existing diabetes and the alterations in serum glucose levels ...

    Authors: Tamer M. Ali, Hala M. Salem and Dina R. Sultan
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304551
  30. Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) lesion is acidic, and changing this acidic pH may affect growth of TB bacilli and response to therapy. We aimed to assess the effect of adjuvant inhalation of sodium bicarbonate (SB...

    Authors: Mohammad K. El-Badrawy, Eman O. Arram, Dina A. Abdalla, Dina Al-Sagheer, Alaa Zahran, Mohammad A. AboElEla, Adel El-Badrawy and Wagdy Amin
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304531
  31. Tobacco smoke has been recognized as an independent risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and diabetes mellitus type 2.

    Authors: Magdy M. Khalil, Rehab M. Mohammed and Omnia H. S. Hassan
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304516
  32. Post-ICU syndrome (PICS)is a common impairment that develops after critical illness and persists after discharge. It is considered when a new or worsening impairment in physical, cognitive, or mental status de...

    Authors: Ahmad Abbas, Niveen E. Zayed and Samah M. Lutfy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304505
  33. The purpose of this study was to compare four different scores [Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II); elevated blood urea nitrogen, altered mental status, pulse >109/min, age >65 years (B...

    Authors: Rania A. Sweed, Mostafa Abd El Mageed Shaheen and Esraa A. El Gendy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304498
  34. Determining the optimal moment to extubate a critically ill patient remains a challenge. The parameters of diaphragm sonography offer precious data in the evaluation and follow-up of critically ill patients on...

    Authors: Rasha M. Abdelhafeez, Ahmed M. Abumossalam, Eman O. Arram, Mohsen M. Elshafey and Mohammed E. Abushehata
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304489
  35. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) represents a significant reason for mortality and morbidity worldwide that induces a high socioeconomic burden, with exacerbations necessitating mechanical ventilat...

    Authors: Suzan Salama Sayed, Khalid Hussein Ahmed, Sayed Abdelsabour Kinawy and Islam Galal Sayed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304484
  36. Lung ultrasonography is a beneficial tool for evaluation of the extent of lung aeration through measurement of the amount of extravascular lung water. Lung ultrasonography offers some advantages over other met...

    Authors: Nabila I. Laz, Mohammad F. Mohammad, Sahar M. Abdelsalam and Radwa M. Abdelwahab
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304477
  37. Ultrasonography (US) guidance of transthoracic needle biopsy of peripheral lung lesions is a useful diagnostic technique. It is a relatively easy and safe procedure under real-time US guidance and may give eno...

    Authors: Fayed H. Kawshty, Ahmed A. Abd Elradi and Ahmed M. Ahmed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304469
  38. Exercise intolerance is common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which has multiple mechanisms underlying its progression. Ventricular dysfunction may play a role in the developmen...

    Authors: Magdy M. Khalil, Hala M. Salem, Hossam-Eldin M. Abdil-Hamid and Muhammad Y. Zakaria
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1304459
  39. Scabbard trachea is a rare clinical observation, though commonly present in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. There is coronal narrowing of the intrathoracic part of the trachea resembling a...

    Authors: Animesh Ray and Devada Sindhu
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303441
  40. The ultrasound (US) of the chest is useful in the diagnosis of different parenchymal, pleural, and chest wall diseases. The US is preferred because no radiation is used (safe during pregnancy), is not expensiv...

    Authors: Sherif R. A. El-Fatah, Radwa A. El-Hefny, Randa I. Ahmed and Doaa M. A. El-Tawab
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303424
  41. Atypical pneumonia (AP) with its different pathogens comprises a reasonable ratio of community-acquired pneumonia. Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) constitutes a known pathogen causing AP with pulmonary and ...

    Authors: Reham M. Elkolaly and Maii A. Shams Eldeen
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303394
  42. Pneumothorax can present as a respiratory emergency and has varied etiology. However, literature available on assessment and management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) based on radiological quantitat...

    Authors: Uma Devaraj, Priya Ramachandran, UmaMaheswari Krishnaswamy, Namita Sinha and George D’Souza
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303388
  43. Pleural effusion can arise as a result of more than 50 recognized causes and the differentiation between benign and malignant origin of the fluid is still a diagnostic challenge. The ability of tumor markers a...

    Authors: Omar M. Mohammed, Kamel M. Hussein, Abdelgawad E. Ramadan, Gouda T. Mahmoud, Marwa El-Sayed El-Naggar and Nor Eldein Z. Gaber
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303382
  44. Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is responsible for a high proportion of morbidity and antibiotic use. This study aimed to identify the causative bacteria, antimicrobial sen...

    Authors: Maha K. Ghanem, Hoda A. Makhlouf, Ali A. Hasan, Heba G. Rashed and Hadeer S. Khalifa
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303343
  45. Endoscopy plays an integral part in the evaluation of mediastinum. Transbronchial sampling can be done conventionally or guided with endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS), which is a new tool that allows seeing...

    Authors: Mohammed A. Ibrahim, Aida M. Yousef, Mohamed S. Abdelrahman Hantera, Magda Abdelsalam Ahmed and Sayed A. M. Abdelhafez
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303314

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