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  1. Persons with asthma–chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap (ACO) are a crucial but poorly characterized group. In spite of the numbers of patients with ACO have increased, there is minimal confir...

    Authors: Hamada K. Fayed, Yasen G. Abd-Elkareem, Wassem A. Samaha and Maher S. Abdalshakour

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2020 13:1305596

    Content type: Original article

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  2. Scabbard trachea is a rare clinical observation, though commonly present in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. There is coronal narrowing of the intrathoracic part of the trachea resembling a...

    Authors: Animesh Ray and Devada Sindhu

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303441

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Dyspnea is a subjective sensation of difficult or uncomfortable breathing experienced by the patient. The etiology includes myriad causes starting from cardiopulmonary to psychogenic. The evaluation of dyspnea...

    Authors: Animesh Ray and Sagnik Biswas

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303435

    Content type: Case report

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  4. The ultrasound (US) of the chest is useful in the diagnosis of different parenchymal, pleural, and chest wall diseases. The US is preferred because no radiation is used (safe during pregnancy), is not expensiv...

    Authors: Sherif R. A. El-Fatah, Radwa A. El-Hefny, Randa I. Ahmed and Doaa M. A. El-Tawab

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303424

    Content type: Original article

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  5. In the field of pulmonary medicine, respiratory mechanics and physiology are obviously affected by most pathological lesions and diseases, either primary disease or part of systemic ones. In the era of rheumat...

    Authors: Reham M. Elkolaly, Salwa A. Ganna, Doaa W. Nada and Mohammed H. Elnaggar

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303416

    Content type: Original article

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  6. There is growing evidence that tuberculosis (TB) case notifications in men have in many circumstances surpassed those in women. The increase in reported cases among men was often interpreted as the result of b...

    Authors: Tarek M. Safwat, Eman B. Abdel Fattah and Ahmed G. Soliman

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303408

    Content type: Original article

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  7. A rapid, highly sensitive, and qualitative diagnostic test will significantly reduce the incidence of tuberculosis (TB). GeneXpert test is the test that is supposed to play this role with those specifications.

    Authors: Amany Omar, Abd-Elazim Abo Elfadl, Yousef Ahmed and Moustafa Hosny

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303403

    Content type: Original article

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  8. Atypical pneumonia (AP) with its different pathogens comprises a reasonable ratio of community-acquired pneumonia. Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) constitutes a known pathogen causing AP with pulmonary and ...

    Authors: Reham M. Elkolaly and Maii A. Shams Eldeen

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303394

    Content type: Original article

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  9. Pneumothorax can present as a respiratory emergency and has varied etiology. However, literature available on assessment and management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) based on radiological quantitat...

    Authors: Uma Devaraj, Priya Ramachandran, UmaMaheswari Krishnaswamy, Namita Sinha and George D’Souza

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303388

    Content type: Original article

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  10. Pleural effusion can arise as a result of more than 50 recognized causes and the differentiation between benign and malignant origin of the fluid is still a diagnostic challenge. The ability of tumor markers a...

    Authors: Omar M. Mohammed, Kamel M. Hussein, Abdelgawad E. Ramadan, Gouda T. Mahmoud, Marwa El-Sayed El-Naggar and Nor Eldein Z. Gaber

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303382

    Content type: Original article

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  11. Diagnosis of mediastinal lesions start with clinical evaluation combined with specific /boratory investigation and different imaging modalities till biopsy that can obtained by percutaneous approach, endoscopi...

    Authors: Mohamed S.Abdelrahman Hantera, Hamed A. H. Abdalla and Mohammed A. Ibrahim

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303370

    Content type: Original article

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  12. Pleuropulmonary fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare type of interstitial lung disease (ILD); however, it may not be as rare as it was described. PPFE has been recognized increasingly worldwide during the past years.

    Authors: Yosri M. K. Akl, Mohamed S. Ismail, Yasmine H. El-Hinnawy and Shady N. Mashhour

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303363

    Content type: Original article

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  13. Telomeres are hexameric nucleotide sequences. The biological role of telomeres is to prevent shortening of DNA to preserve integrity of the genome. Length of telomeres is determined by age, sex, and environmen...

    Authors: Marwa M. Shaban, Radwa A. Elhefny, Sabah H. Hussein, Amul A. Badr and Zeinab A. Nour

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303349

    Content type: Original article

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  14. Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is responsible for a high proportion of morbidity and antibiotic use. This study aimed to identify the causative bacteria, antimicrobial sen...

    Authors: Maha K. Ghanem, Hoda A. Makhlouf, Ali A. Hasan, Heba G. Rashed and Hadeer S. Khalifa

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303343

    Content type: Original article

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  15. Morbidity and mortality due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) represents a worldwide pandemic, with exacerbations necessitating mechanical ventilation representing important aspects of disease ma...

    Authors: Suzan S. Sayed, Aliaë A. Mohammed Hussein and Waleed G. Elddin Khaleel

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303335

    Content type: Original article

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  16. Severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation requiring mechanical ventilation is commonly encountered in the ICU. Sedation is necessary to facilitate mechanical ventilation. The effect of n...

    Authors: Atef F. Alkarn, Mohamed F. Abdelghany, Mohammad G. A. Khalaf, Emad Z. Kamel and Wafaa A. H. Gadalla

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303328

    Content type: Original article

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  17. Diverse imaging systems can be utilized for the evaluation of chest issues in ICU patients; ultrasound (US) is a decent analytic instrument without exposing the patients to radiation and risk of transfer.

    Authors: Medhat F. Negm, Mohammad H. Kamel, Osama I. Mohammad, Rehab E. Elsawy and Hamada M. Khater

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303323

    Content type: Original article

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  18. Endoscopy plays an integral part in the evaluation of mediastinum. Transbronchial sampling can be done conventionally or guided with endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS), which is a new tool that allows seeing...

    Authors: Mohammed A. Ibrahim, Aida M. Yousef, Mohamed S. Abdelrahman Hantera, Magda Abdelsalam Ahmed and Sayed A. M. Abdelhafez

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303314

    Content type: Original article

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  19. Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (C-TBNA) is a unique technique that allows the sampling tissue from beyond the endobronchial tree, such as enlarged lymph nodes, peribronchial, or submucosal lesio...

    Authors: Mohammed A. Farrag, Gehan M. El Assal, Ashraf M. Madkour, Nehad M. Osman and Manar H. Taha

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303309

    Content type: Original article

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  20. Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may share some physiological features and coexist as asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap (ACO).

    Authors: Nezar R. Mohamed, Mohamed A. E. Abd El Hakim, Zainab H. Saeed and Rofaida N. E. Helmy

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303298

    Content type: Original article

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  21. patients with acute AECOPD show an abrupt worsening of baseline ventricular function and pulmonary hypertension, using clear predictors or markers for severity in such patients is critical to be early stratifi...

    Authors: Nasser K. Abdelnaby, Hassan A. Shabana and Waleed R. Arafat

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303289

    Content type: Original article

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  22. Screening for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a leading cause of death in systemic sclerosis, facilitates earlier treatment. The aim of this work was to study connective tissue disease (CTD)-associated ...

    Authors: Mona M. Ahmed, Iman H. Galal, Ayman A. H. Farghaly, Ashraf A. Gomaa and Mohamed Abd El Monem Mohamed

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302280

    Content type: Original article

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  23. The perceived risk for pulmonary embolism (PE) can be assessed by oxygenation and calculation of the alveolar–arterial (A-a) oxygen (O2) gradient. We attempt to evaluate the efficacy of A-a O2 gradient for the di...

    Authors: Elham Abdelhady Abdelghany, Ashraf M. Othman, Rasha Abdelraof Abdelfatah, Mohammed-Elhoseany Magdy, Hosny S. Abd Elghany and Mahmoud M. Higazi

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302273

    Content type: Original article

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  24. Improvement of knowledge regarding the rights and responsibilities of patients with tuberculosis (TB) (patient charter) through sensitization meeting may have a positive effect on their life and yield better t...

    Authors: Janmejaya Samal, Subbanna Jonnalagada, Nishant Ekka and Laxmidhar Singh

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302267

    Content type: Original article

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  25. Despite different ICU admission causes, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is still a common cause of mortality and morbidity in intubated patients and impedes obvious progression in diagnostic modalities a...

    Authors: Reham M. Elkolaly, Hoda M. Bahr, Basem I. El-Shafey, Ahmed S. Basuoni and Eman H. Elber

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302258

    Content type: Original article

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  26. In treatment of pneumonia, new drugs besides antibiotics are investigated; especially statins with their anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and antioxidant effects.

    Authors: Yasser M. Mohamed, Ashraf M. Madkour, Rehab M. Mohammed and Mohamed G. El-Shiekh

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302249

    Content type: Original article

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  27. Pleural effusion is considered an interesting clinical problem that is commonly faced by physicians and is caused by several diseases. The ability of computed tomography (CT) to differentiate transudate effusi...

    Authors: Yousef Ahmed, Sahar Farghly, Mohamed I. Seddic and Shimaa Farghaly

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302244

    Content type: Original article

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  28. Ultrasound of the diaphragm is an evolving diagnostic modality with several techniques and measurements that can be used for structural and functional assessment of the diaphragm. Weight may have effects on pu...

    Authors: Saeed M. Adel, Ezzelregal G. Hieba and Sayed H. Hossam

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302232

    Content type: Original article

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  29. Sexual dysfunction is a neglected area among patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs). Hence, the aim of this study is to identify the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) and its predictors ...

    Authors: Doaa M. Magdy, Ahmed M. Azouz and Randa A. El Zohne

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302226

    Content type: Original article

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  30. Dyspnea, cough, fatigue, functional limitation, and low quality of life (QOL) are manifestations of almost all interstitial lung diseases (ILDs), with little effective and may be well-tolerated pharmacotherapy...

    Authors: Howida M. El-Komy, Mohammed Awad, Waleed Mansour and Enaam I. Elsayed

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302219

    Content type: Original article

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  31. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a disease of an increasing burden. Its diagnosis is based on definite high-resolution computed tomography pattern and is associated with the histopathological and/or radi...

    Authors: Mohamed A. El Nady, Safy Z. Kaddah, Yasmine H. El Hinnawy, Radwa M. A. Halim and Reham H. Kandeel

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302214

    Content type: Original article

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  32. Chest ultrasound has many uses, both diagnostic and interventional. It may be used for the diagnosis of multiple pleural diseases (pleural effusion, pleural masses, and pneumothorax). It is also used in the di...

    Authors: Sherif Refaat Abd ElvFatah, Radwa Ahmed Elhefny, Randa Ibrahim Ahmed and Doaa Mohamed Abd ElTawab

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302204

    Content type: Original article

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  33. Carbohydrate antigen 15-3 (CA15-3) is a central protein core of mucin-1, a high-molecular-weight glycoprotein, found in alveolar and extrapulmonary epithelial cells that increases in interstitial lung disease....

    Authors: Randa Salah El-Din Mohamed, Mahmoud Mohammed El-Batanouny, Neveen Mahmoud Amin, Rasha Abdel Razek Mahmoud and Doaa A. A. Abd-Elhalim

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302196

    Content type: Original article

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  34. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease characterized by airway obstruction and air trapping that is not fully reversible. The diaphragm is the principal respiratory muscle, and its dysfuncti...

    Authors: Adel M. Saeed, Ashraf A. El Maraghy, Riham H. Raafat and Ahmed M. Abd Elsamad

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302184

    Content type: Original article

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  35. Patients admitted to ICU, especially those who are mechanically ventilated, are under the effects of many clinical, therapeutic, and emotional stress factors that usually lead to different physical, psychologi...

    Authors: Mohammed A. Agha, Mahmoud M. El-Habashy and Mohammed S. Abdelshafy

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302176

    Content type: Original article

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  36. End-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) is used as a noninvasive bedside test to assess the adequacy of ventilation and physiologic dead space in mechanically ventilated patients. The gradient difference between EtCO2 a...

    Authors: Fatmaalzahraa S. Abdalrazik and Mohamed O. Elghonemi

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302170

    Content type: Original Article

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  37. Rigid forceps is commonly used for pleural biopsies during medical thoracoscopy in undiagnosed pleural effusion, and recently, the use of cryoprobe for pleural biopsies was encouraged, as the procedure is effe...

    Authors: Randa S. E. Muhammad, Sabah A. M. Hussein, Mohammad F. Mohammad, Marwa M. Ahmed and Gehad A. Ali

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302162

    Content type: Original article

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  38. Interstitial lung disease in the immunocompetent patient is often a difficult challenge for the clinician, especially when no diagnostic clues are present. A clear diagnosis confirmed by biopsy allows clinicia...

    Authors: Magdy M. Omar, Ahmad S. Alhalafawy, Nashwa M. Emara, Mohammad A. E. El-Mahdy and Etemad Abdelsalam

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302155

    Content type: Original article

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  39. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has many extrapulmonary comorbidities, and metabolic syndrome (MetS) is one of them. Scant data are available on MetS in Egyptian patients with COPD.

    Authors: Azza Farag Said El-toney, Bahaa Ibrahim Mohamed, Emad Allam Abd-Elnaeem and Alaa Shaban Ismail

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302148

    Content type: Original article

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  40. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease of chronic inflammation affecting the lungs. Leptin is a pleiotropic cytokine thought to play a role in host inflammatory response.

    Authors: Hossam H. Masoud, Ahmed M. Abd El-Hafeez, Mohamed S. Ismail and Naef G. Baharetha

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302139

    Content type: Original article

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  41. Several factors may cause sleep disruption among critically ill patients. Determination of these factors that interfere with patients’ quality of sleep is very important in the treatment process to ensure norm...

    Authors: Doaa M. Magdy, Ahmed Metwally and Hoda A. Makhlouf

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301114

    Content type: Original article

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  42. Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) is a type of semi-invasive aspergillosis seen mainly in immunocompetent individuals. These are slow, progressive, and not involved in angio-invasion compared with invasive...

    Authors: Ramakrishna Pai Jakribettu, Thomas George, Soniya Abraham, Farhan Fazal, Shreevidya Kinila and Manjeshwar Shrinath Baliga

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301109

    Content type: Original article

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  43. The serum total cortisol is a biomarker to adrenal response in stressful conditions including infection. This study aims to estimate the serum total cortisol level in severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) ...

    Authors: Magdy M. Khalil, Maram M. Maher, Maryam A. Abd Al-Kader and Eman S. Kamal

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301100

    Content type: Original article

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  44. Admission to the respiratory ICU (RICU) is based upon the nature and severity of the patient’s acute medical illness, their need for ICU intervention(s) or monitoring, and the likelihood that such intervention...

    Authors: Magdy M. Khalil, Hala M. Salem and Mohamed F. El Tohamy

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301093

    Content type: Original article

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  45. Pressure support ventilation (PSV) mode and T-piece trial were used in weaning of mechanically ventilated (MV) patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thus, the objective of study is to ass...

    Authors: Ahmed M. Azouz, Rafat T. El-Sokary, Hassan A. El-Latif and Ghada Ahmed

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301087

    Content type: Original article

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  46. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a significant cause of death. Cardiovascular disease is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in COPD.

    Authors: Yasser Moustfa Mohammed, Ghada Samir ElShahid, Nehad Mohammed Osman and Nehal Qadry Abd ElHameed

    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301012

    Content type: Original article

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