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  1. Dyspnea is a subjective sensation of difficult or uncomfortable breathing experienced by the patient. The etiology includes myriad causes starting from cardiopulmonary to psychogenic. The evaluation of dyspnea...

    Authors: Animesh Ray and Sagnik Biswas
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303435
  2. In the field of pulmonary medicine, respiratory mechanics and physiology are obviously affected by most pathological lesions and diseases, either primary disease or part of systemic ones. In the era of rheumat...

    Authors: Reham M. Elkolaly, Salwa A. Ganna, Doaa W. Nada and Mohammed H. Elnaggar
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303416
  3. There is growing evidence that tuberculosis (TB) case notifications in men have in many circumstances surpassed those in women. The increase in reported cases among men was often interpreted as the result of b...

    Authors: Tarek M. Safwat, Eman B. Abdel Fattah and Ahmed G. Soliman
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303408
  4. A rapid, highly sensitive, and qualitative diagnostic test will significantly reduce the incidence of tuberculosis (TB). GeneXpert test is the test that is supposed to play this role with those specifications.

    Authors: Amany Omar, Abd-Elazim Abo Elfadl, Yousef Ahmed and Moustafa Hosny
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303403
  5. Pleural effusion can arise as a result of more than 50 recognized causes and the differentiation between benign and malignant origin of the fluid is still a diagnostic challenge. The ability of tumor markers a...

    Authors: Omar M. Mohammed, Kamel M. Hussein, Abdelgawad E. Ramadan, Gouda T. Mahmoud, Marwa El-Sayed El-Naggar and Nor Eldein Z. Gaber
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303382
  6. Diagnosis of mediastinal lesions start with clinical evaluation combined with specific /boratory investigation and different imaging modalities till biopsy that can obtained by percutaneous approach, endoscopi...

    Authors: Mohamed S.Abdelrahman Hantera, Hamed A. H. Abdalla and Mohammed A. Ibrahim
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303370
  7. Pleuropulmonary fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare type of interstitial lung disease (ILD); however, it may not be as rare as it was described. PPFE has been recognized increasingly worldwide during the past years.

    Authors: Yosri M. K. Akl, Mohamed S. Ismail, Yasmine H. El-Hinnawy and Shady N. Mashhour
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303363
  8. Telomeres are hexameric nucleotide sequences. The biological role of telomeres is to prevent shortening of DNA to preserve integrity of the genome. Length of telomeres is determined by age, sex, and environmen...

    Authors: Marwa M. Shaban, Radwa A. Elhefny, Sabah H. Hussein, Amul A. Badr and Zeinab A. Nour
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303349
  9. Morbidity and mortality due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) represents a worldwide pandemic, with exacerbations necessitating mechanical ventilation representing important aspects of disease ma...

    Authors: Suzan S. Sayed, Aliaë A. Mohammed Hussein and Waleed G. Elddin Khaleel
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303335
  10. Severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation requiring mechanical ventilation is commonly encountered in the ICU. Sedation is necessary to facilitate mechanical ventilation. The effect of n...

    Authors: Atef F. Alkarn, Mohamed F. Abdelghany, Mohammad G. A. Khalaf, Emad Z. Kamel and Wafaa A. H. Gadalla
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303328
  11. Diverse imaging systems can be utilized for the evaluation of chest issues in ICU patients; ultrasound (US) is a decent analytic instrument without exposing the patients to radiation and risk of transfer.

    Authors: Medhat F. Negm, Mohammad H. Kamel, Osama I. Mohammad, Rehab E. Elsawy and Hamada M. Khater
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303323
  12. Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (C-TBNA) is a unique technique that allows the sampling tissue from beyond the endobronchial tree, such as enlarged lymph nodes, peribronchial, or submucosal lesio...

    Authors: Mohammed A. Farrag, Gehan M. El Assal, Ashraf M. Madkour, Nehad M. Osman and Manar H. Taha
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303309
  13. Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may share some physiological features and coexist as asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap (ACO).

    Authors: Nezar R. Mohamed, Mohamed A. E. Abd El Hakim, Zainab H. Saeed and Rofaida N. E. Helmy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303298
  14. patients with acute AECOPD show an abrupt worsening of baseline ventricular function and pulmonary hypertension, using clear predictors or markers for severity in such patients is critical to be early stratifi...

    Authors: Nasser K. Abdelnaby, Hassan A. Shabana and Waleed R. Arafat
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1303289
  15. Screening for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a leading cause of death in systemic sclerosis, facilitates earlier treatment. The aim of this work was to study connective tissue disease (CTD)-associated ...

    Authors: Mona M. Ahmed, Iman H. Galal, Ayman A. H. Farghaly, Ashraf A. Gomaa and Mohamed Abd El Monem Mohamed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302280
  16. The perceived risk for pulmonary embolism (PE) can be assessed by oxygenation and calculation of the alveolar–arterial (A-a) oxygen (O2) gradient. We attempt to evaluate the efficacy of A-a O2 gradient for the di...

    Authors: Elham Abdelhady Abdelghany, Ashraf M. Othman, Rasha Abdelraof Abdelfatah, Mohammed-Elhoseany Magdy, Hosny S. Abd Elghany and Mahmoud M. Higazi
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302273
  17. Improvement of knowledge regarding the rights and responsibilities of patients with tuberculosis (TB) (patient charter) through sensitization meeting may have a positive effect on their life and yield better t...

    Authors: Janmejaya Samal, Subbanna Jonnalagada, Nishant Ekka and Laxmidhar Singh
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302267
  18. Despite different ICU admission causes, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is still a common cause of mortality and morbidity in intubated patients and impedes obvious progression in diagnostic modalities a...

    Authors: Reham M. Elkolaly, Hoda M. Bahr, Basem I. El-Shafey, Ahmed S. Basuoni and Eman H. Elber
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302258
  19. In treatment of pneumonia, new drugs besides antibiotics are investigated; especially statins with their anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and antioxidant effects.

    Authors: Yasser M. Mohamed, Ashraf M. Madkour, Rehab M. Mohammed and Mohamed G. El-Shiekh
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302249
  20. Pleural effusion is considered an interesting clinical problem that is commonly faced by physicians and is caused by several diseases. The ability of computed tomography (CT) to differentiate transudate effusi...

    Authors: Yousef Ahmed, Sahar Farghly, Mohamed I. Seddic and Shimaa Farghaly
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302244
  21. Ultrasound of the diaphragm is an evolving diagnostic modality with several techniques and measurements that can be used for structural and functional assessment of the diaphragm. Weight may have effects on pu...

    Authors: Saeed M. Adel, Ezzelregal G. Hieba and Sayed H. Hossam
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302232
  22. Sexual dysfunction is a neglected area among patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs). Hence, the aim of this study is to identify the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) and its predictors ...

    Authors: Doaa M. Magdy, Ahmed M. Azouz and Randa A. El Zohne
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302226
  23. Dyspnea, cough, fatigue, functional limitation, and low quality of life (QOL) are manifestations of almost all interstitial lung diseases (ILDs), with little effective and may be well-tolerated pharmacotherapy...

    Authors: Howida M. El-Komy, Mohammed Awad, Waleed Mansour and Enaam I. Elsayed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302219
  24. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a disease of an increasing burden. Its diagnosis is based on definite high-resolution computed tomography pattern and is associated with the histopathological and/or radi...

    Authors: Mohamed A. El Nady, Safy Z. Kaddah, Yasmine H. El Hinnawy, Radwa M. A. Halim and Reham H. Kandeel
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302214
  25. Chest ultrasound has many uses, both diagnostic and interventional. It may be used for the diagnosis of multiple pleural diseases (pleural effusion, pleural masses, and pneumothorax). It is also used in the di...

    Authors: Sherif Refaat Abd ElvFatah, Radwa Ahmed Elhefny, Randa Ibrahim Ahmed and Doaa Mohamed Abd ElTawab
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302204
  26. Carbohydrate antigen 15-3 (CA15-3) is a central protein core of mucin-1, a high-molecular-weight glycoprotein, found in alveolar and extrapulmonary epithelial cells that increases in interstitial lung disease....

    Authors: Randa Salah El-Din Mohamed, Mahmoud Mohammed El-Batanouny, Neveen Mahmoud Amin, Rasha Abdel Razek Mahmoud and Doaa A. A. Abd-Elhalim
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302196
  27. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease characterized by airway obstruction and air trapping that is not fully reversible. The diaphragm is the principal respiratory muscle, and its dysfuncti...

    Authors: Adel M. Saeed, Ashraf A. El Maraghy, Riham H. Raafat and Ahmed M. Abd Elsamad
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302184
  28. Patients admitted to ICU, especially those who are mechanically ventilated, are under the effects of many clinical, therapeutic, and emotional stress factors that usually lead to different physical, psychologi...

    Authors: Mohammed A. Agha, Mahmoud M. El-Habashy and Mohammed S. Abdelshafy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302176
  29. End-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) is used as a noninvasive bedside test to assess the adequacy of ventilation and physiologic dead space in mechanically ventilated patients. The gradient difference between EtCO2 a...

    Authors: Fatmaalzahraa S. Abdalrazik and Mohamed O. Elghonemi
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302170
  30. Rigid forceps is commonly used for pleural biopsies during medical thoracoscopy in undiagnosed pleural effusion, and recently, the use of cryoprobe for pleural biopsies was encouraged, as the procedure is effe...

    Authors: Randa S. E. Muhammad, Sabah A. M. Hussein, Mohammad F. Mohammad, Marwa M. Ahmed and Gehad A. Ali
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302162
  31. Interstitial lung disease in the immunocompetent patient is often a difficult challenge for the clinician, especially when no diagnostic clues are present. A clear diagnosis confirmed by biopsy allows clinicia...

    Authors: Magdy M. Omar, Ahmad S. Alhalafawy, Nashwa M. Emara, Mohammad A. E. El-Mahdy and Etemad Abdelsalam
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302155
  32. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has many extrapulmonary comorbidities, and metabolic syndrome (MetS) is one of them. Scant data are available on MetS in Egyptian patients with COPD.

    Authors: Azza Farag Said El-toney, Bahaa Ibrahim Mohamed, Emad Allam Abd-Elnaeem and Alaa Shaban Ismail
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302148
  33. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease of chronic inflammation affecting the lungs. Leptin is a pleiotropic cytokine thought to play a role in host inflammatory response.

    Authors: Hossam H. Masoud, Ahmed M. Abd El-Hafeez, Mohamed S. Ismail and Naef G. Baharetha
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1302139
  34. Addiction of tobacco is both mental and physical. For many smokers, the best way to quit is a combination of medical, behavioral, and emotional support. The aim of the work was to study the effectiveness of av...

    Authors: Adel M. Saeed, Nehad M. Osman and Alaa Eldin A. Mohamed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301132
  35. Several factors may cause sleep disruption among critically ill patients. Determination of these factors that interfere with patients’ quality of sleep is very important in the treatment process to ensure norm...

    Authors: Doaa M. Magdy, Ahmed Metwally and Hoda A. Makhlouf
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301114
  36. Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) is a type of semi-invasive aspergillosis seen mainly in immunocompetent individuals. These are slow, progressive, and not involved in angio-invasion compared with invasive...

    Authors: Ramakrishna Pai Jakribettu, Thomas George, Soniya Abraham, Farhan Fazal, Shreevidya Kinila and Manjeshwar Shrinath Baliga
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301109
  37. The serum total cortisol is a biomarker to adrenal response in stressful conditions including infection. This study aims to estimate the serum total cortisol level in severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) ...

    Authors: Magdy M. Khalil, Maram M. Maher, Maryam A. Abd Al-Kader and Eman S. Kamal
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301100
  38. Admission to the respiratory ICU (RICU) is based upon the nature and severity of the patient’s acute medical illness, their need for ICU intervention(s) or monitoring, and the likelihood that such intervention...

    Authors: Magdy M. Khalil, Hala M. Salem and Mohamed F. El Tohamy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301093
  39. Pressure support ventilation (PSV) mode and T-piece trial were used in weaning of mechanically ventilated (MV) patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thus, the objective of study is to ass...

    Authors: Ahmed M. Azouz, Rafat T. El-Sokary, Hassan A. El-Latif and Ghada Ahmed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301087
  40. Medical thoracoscopy is an invasive procedure that may be performed by physicians for the investigation of exudative pleural effusion using local anesthesia, conscious sedation, and a rigid thoracoscope.

    Authors: Hanan Mohamed Mohamed Rashad, Emad Eldeen Abdel Wahab Korraa and Maryam Ali Abdelkader
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301081
  41. Many forms of bronchoscopic lung volume reduction were introduced as a treatment for patients with emphysema surpassing the surgical management and its fatality. Biological bronchoscopic lung volume reduction ...

    Authors: Adel M. Khattab, Nevine Abd Elfattah, Ayman Farghaly and Alsayyed Hassan
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301043
  42. Spirometry is the most reproducible and objective measurement of airflow limitation. The effectiveness of inhaled bronchodilator in individual patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is asse...

    Authors: Magdy Mohamed Khalil, Eman Badawy AbdelFattah and Yasmin Yousif Mostafa
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301029
  43. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a significant cause of death. Cardiovascular disease is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in COPD.

    Authors: Yasser Moustfa Mohammed, Ghada Samir ElShahid, Nehad Mohammed Osman and Nehal Qadry Abd ElHameed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301012
  44. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and coronary artery disease are common treatable and preventable chronic diseases. Rehabilitation is now considered an important part of the long-term management in...

    Authors: Yasser M. Mohamed, Hala M. Salem, Hazem M. Khorshid and Karim H. Abdel Fattah
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Bronchology 2019 13:1301006

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