- Original article
- Open Access
Assessment of cardinal respiratory symptoms at the internal medicine outpatient clinic of Suhaj Teaching Hospital
Egyptian Journal of Bronchology volume 7, pages 67–70 (2013)
Assessment of respiratory symptoms is the cornerstone in the accurate diagnosis of various respiratory diseases.
This study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of cardinal respiratory symptoms among patients presenting to the internal medicine outpatient clinic of Suhaj Teaching Hospital.
Materials and methods
A total of 500 consecutive adult patients presenting to the internal medicine outpatient clinic of Suhaj Teaching Hospital and complaining of either respiratory or nonrespiratory symptoms were enrolled in the study. In all patients, the initial symptoms at the time of presentation, the symptoms after history taking, and the management plan were documented.
The symptomatology of patients at the initial presentation to the outpatient clinic and after history taking were compared; 136 (27.2%) and 148 (29.6%) patients, respectively (P < 0.001), had pure respiratory symptoms, 332 (66.4%) and 147 (29.4%) patients, respectively (P < 0.001), had nonrespiratory symptoms, and the remaining 32 (6.4%) and 205 (41%) patients, respectively (P < 0.01), had mixed respiratory and nonrespiratory symptoms. All individual cardinal respiratory symptoms differed significantly (P < 0.001) between the initial presentation and after history taking. Of the 136 patients presenting with pure respiratory symptoms, only 27 had pure respiratory diseases after history taking, whereas of the 364 patients without pure respiratory symptoms, 325 had pure respiratory diseases. Residents were the medical personnel who took medical decision in 452 patients, specialists took the decision in 37 patients, and consultants in 11 patients. Thirty-five patients (7%) were admitted; 30 of them had pure respiratory diseases, constituting 6% of the total patients and 87.7% of the admitted patients.
Both respiratory symptoms and diseases are highly prevalent at the internal medicine outpatient clinics and are responsible for a large percentage of hospital admissions. Egypt J Broncho 2013 7:67–70
Desalu OO, Oluwafemi JA, Ojo O. Respiratory diseases morbidity and mortality among adults attending a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. J Bras Pneumol 2009; 35:745–752.
Pinnock H, Sheikh A. Primary care research and clinical practice: respiratory disease. Postgrad Med J 2009; 85:74–79.
Murray CJ, Lopez AD. Alternative projections of mortality and disability by cause 1990–2020: global burden of disease study. Lancet 1997; 349:1498–1504.
Lung and Asthma Information Agency. Factsheet 3. Respiratory morbidity in general practice 1971–1991. London: Available at: http://www.laia.ac.uk/factsheets/set.pdf; 1996.
British Thoracic Society. The burden of lung disease. London: Martyn Partridge. Available at: http://www.brit-thoracic.org.uk/Portals/0/Library/BTS%20Publications/burden_of_lung_disease.pdf; 2001.
Damiani M, Dixon J. Managing the pressure. Emergency hospital admissions in London 1997–2001. London: The Kings Fund; 2002.
Department of Health. The NHS Plan: a plan for investment, a plan for reform. London: Available at: http://pns.dgs.pt/files/2010/03/pnsuk1.pdf; 2000.
Department of Health. Implementing a scheme for GPs with special interests. Available at: http://www.gencat.cat/ics/professionals/recull/bibliografic/2007_3/Implementing.pdf
Royal College of General Practitioners and Royal College of Physicians. General practitioners with special interest. London; 2001.
Department of Health and Royal College of General Practitioners. Implementing a scheme for general practitioners with special interests. London: Available at: http://www.gencat.cat/ics/professionals/recull/bibliografic/2007_3/Implementing.pdf; 2002.
Price D, Duerden M. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease –the lack of a national service framework should not allow us to ignore it. BMJ 2003; 326:1046–1047.
European Respiratory Society and European Lung Foundation. European Lung white book. Geneva: Loddenhemper R, Gibson GJ, Sibille Y eds.; 2003.
Mfenyana K, Mash B. A different context of care. In: Mash B, (editor.) Handbook of family medicine. Cape Town: Oxford University Press; 2006:12–41.
Yamasaki A, Hanaki K, Tomita K, Watanabe M, Hasagawa Y, Okazaki R, et al. Cough and asthma diagnosis: physicians in rural areas of Japan. Int J Gen Med 2010; 3:101–107.
Bateman E, Feldman C, Mash R, Fairall L, English R, Jithooa A. Systems for the management of respiratory diseases in primary care –an international series: South Africa. Prim Care Respir J 2009; 18:69–75.
McGarvey LP, Elder J. Future directions in treating cough. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2010; 43:401–409.
Madison JM, Irwin RS. Cough: a worldwide problem. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2010; 43:376–384.
Brown CA. Haemoptysis. Marx: Rosen’s emergency medicine. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA. Mosby Elsevier; 2009. 31:222–224.
Woodwell DA. National ambulatory medical care survey: 1998 summary. Adv Data 2000; 19:1–26.
About this article
Cite this article
Sabour, M.AE., Galal, I. & Hassan, M. Assessment of cardinal respiratory symptoms at the internal medicine outpatient clinic of Suhaj Teaching Hospital. Egypt J Bronchol 7, 67–70 (2013). https://doi.org/10.4103/1687-8426.123999
- cardinal respiratory symptom
- chest pain