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Pulse transit time in patients with sleep-disordered breathing

Abstract

Background

Pulse transit time (PTT) represents a noninvasive marker of sleep fragmentation in patients with obstructive sleep apnea–hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Little is known regarding changes in PTT in patients with excessive daytime sleepiness associated with nocturnal inspiratory flow limitation (IFL) without apneas or desaturation.

Patients and methods

A total of 20 patients with nocturnal IFL were age and sex matched with a group of patients with OSAHS and another without significant breathing disorders during sleep [nonflow limited (NFL)]. PTT arousal index (PTT Ar) is the number of PTT arousals per hour.

Results

Overall, 20 patients with IFL were age and sex matched with two groups: one with OSAHS and another without significant sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) (NFL). There was a significant increase in the median BMI of the IFL group compared with the NFL group (40 vs. 30; P<0.05) but not with the OSAHS group (40 vs. 44; P>0.05). The PTT Ar in the IFL group (36.5/h) was significantly higher than that in the NFL group (16.3/h) and lower than that observed in the OSAHS group (60/h; P<0.001). PTT Ar correlated positively with BMI, apnea–hypopnea index, oxygen desaturation index, respiratory disturbance index, snoring index, and Epworth sleepiness scale.

Conclusion

The PTT Ar increased with SDB with significantly higher values in patients with excessive daytime sleepiness associated with nocturnal IFL compared with controls. Patients with IFL were mainly females with an elevated BMI. Thus, PTT could be used as a marker of sleep fragmentation apart from electroencephalogram in the diagnosis of SDB.

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Correspondence to Marwa El-Sayed El-Naggar MD.

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El-Naggar, M.ES. Pulse transit time in patients with sleep-disordered breathing. Egypt J Bronchol 12, 114–118 (2018). https://doi.org/10.4103/ejb.ejb_49_17

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Key words

  • inspiratory flow limitation
  • obstructive sleep apnea syndrome
  • pulse transit time arousal index
  • pulse transit time